Friday, December 23, 2011

Tyler Chadwick Uncut: "Fire in the Pasture" and Mormon Poetry in the 21st Century

Yesterday, Modern Mormon Men posted an interview I had with Tyler Chadwick, editor of Fire in the Pasture, a recent anthology of Mormon poets. Sadly, I wasn't able to run the full interview on MMM because of its length, so I have decided to post the uncut version here. Most of what you'll read below made the original cut, but a few choice insights--like Chadwick's take on what makes a poet "Mormon"--are unique to this post.

Enjoy.     

Scott Hales: What is Fire in the Pasture and how did you become a part of it?

Tyler Chadwick: Fire in the Pasture is an anthology that includes the work of 82 twenty-first century Mormon poets. It was released October 15 by Peculiar Pages, an independent publisher of what the company's proprietor, Eric W Jepson, calls "auspicious multiauthor anthologies"—like The FOB Bible (2009) and Monsters & Mormons (2011). In the publisher's words, Fire in the Pasture is "a major landmark boundary-disrupting game-defining historic unmissable mustread book." As the book's editor and as a poet myself, I'm much less modest. In fact, when I think of the book, I think legendary. Heroic. Epic—in length as well as in importance to Mormon culture. Also, canonical. Or better yet, canon-busting. Then, canon-remaking.

Let me explain: Since 1989 the standard for Mormon poetry has been Eugene England and Dennis Clark's anthology,
Harvest: Contemporary Mormon Poems. And it should hold an honored place in Mormon letters: England and Clark gathered hundreds of poems from 58 poets whose writing careers spanned the half-century before the book was published. But that was over two decades ago. And poetry didn't die in or around the '80s, contrary to what some people have written. Neither did Mormon poetry retire nor drift into apostasy after Harvest hit bookshelves. In fact, it may have just been breaking into stride.

Eric acknowledged as much in April 2009 when he asked me if I'd like to edit a new anthology of Mormon poetry. "People are always talking about how we need a new volume of poetry,” he said, “that Harvest, great as it is, was long ago and needs to be supplemented. But, to the best of my knowledge, no one is actually putting anything together. It's all talk. No action.”

And he wanted to take action: "Here's what I have in mind,” he continued. “A survey of the best stuff published [from] the dawn of the millennium . . . through the end of 2010." I jumped at the chance to update Harvest and, before I'd even closed out of my inbox, I started the marathon effort of gathering poems and contacting poets—because, really, who wouldn't want to help the world of Mormon letters move past its apparent Harvest-envy?

SH: A lot of poets talk about how poetry is at least a dying art—something no one ever reads any more. How is that not true in Mormon culture? What is poetry’s place in contemporary Mormonism?

TC: Poetry isn't dying. And any poet who suggests otherwise may not be worth her/his salt as a poet. I'm just sayin'. I mean, seriously, what artists in their right mind would say the craft to which they've dedicated a lifetime is headed for a shallow, unattended grave? Maybe someone who wants to play the victim, I guess—and I'm sure there are poets desperate, for whatever reason, to fill this role, emotionally-sensitive, attention-seeking lot that we are. (And by "we are" I mean, of course, "I am.") But to say poetry is dying or has been or is being killed off ultimately does the craft, its practitioners, and its potential audience a great disservice.

I, for one, believe poetry is as vital and virile as it ever has been, if not more so. Consider the following varieties of contemporary American poetry—though it might be more productive to think of "poetry" in the plural. So: Consider the following short list of contemporary American poetries: ASL, concrete, cowboy, free verse, formal, hip hop, jazz, language, lyric, prose, slam, sound, spoken word, rap, video, visual. And many of these poetries contain further variations on and combinations of each theme. What's more, there's really something there for everyone. If you don't like formal or lyric verse, try some spoken word or slam. If slam's not your cup of tea, try some concrete or visual poetry. And so on and so forth. The reading possibilities are there and anyone with access to the Internet can track down examples of excellence in each category with a simple keyword search (though Googler beware: this will also bring up some not-so-excellent examples).

So, again: poetry isn't dying. It's very much alive and thriving. And you can even have it delivered straight to your RSS reader every day.

As for poetry's place in contemporary Mormon culture, I think Latter-day Saints—as with many in broader American culture—may in general read a) more classic than contemporary poetry (cross reference
Best-Loved Poems of the LDS People, which contains work “from Shakespeare, Dickinson, Longfellow, Wordsworth, and Kipling, [. . .] alongside classic LDS poets W.W. Phelps, Eliza R. Snow and David O. McKay”) and b) more didactic or sentimental or sensational verse than work by contemporary poets. By this I mean that many of us may prefer poems that offer an easy moral or emotional or spiritual payload, one that could be grasped with a cursory reading of the text and used to illustrate a gospel principle in a sacrament meeting talk, which, let's face it, may be one of the only times some of us go looking for or are exposed to poetry in the first place (cross reference Especially for Mormons, where, “[f]or almost 30 years, thousands of Saints have turned [. . .] to find inspiring stories, quotes, and thoughts to use in lessons and talks”). But such poems are often really just doctrine or morals masquerading in predictable rhythms and rhymes.

And while I'm happy poetry has any place in contemporary Mormonism, "all is not [yet] well in Zion"—but we're getting there. The quoted part of that statement is an echo of Clinton F. Larson, who is often referred to as the first modern Mormon poet (think Parley P. Pratt meets Dylan Thomas). Larson borrowed the line from Nephi over four decades ago when he was asked in
an interview with Ed Geary to consider "the future of poetry in the church." I find the rest of his response especially relevant today when so many Mormon poets have made their way into mainstream American poetry and are being published by respectable journals and presses and being nominated for and winning national prizes and endowments for their work.

Anyway, Larson suggests in his reply to Geary that “[p]art of the spiritual record that must be kept [by the Latter-day Saints] is the poetry of the people.” He then warns that without a “body of significant and enduring poetry” to connect the Saints sensually and aesthetically to their religious experiences, Mormonism's cultural heritage would be in jeopardy. He actually says it would “not, in fact, exist.” Poetry, then, as Pulitzer Prize winning poet Robert Hass observes, is “a sign of cultural health.” It’s an indication, Hass continues, that “a lot of people [in the culture are] literate and alive,” simply because “[y]ou have to have some kind of interior life to make [and to enjoy] a work of art and in a world as busy and heedless as this one we need all the consciousness we can muster” in order not to wither on the vine, as it were. So poetry comes of introspection and carries with it an abiding awareness that the inner life matters. And this strikes me as being especially relevant to Mormons in terms of the LDS quest to marry our inner- and outer-lives, to expand our personal and cultural consciences and consciousness toward the establishment of Zion.

But I’ve gone too philosophical now, haven’t I?

SH: How does Fire in the Pasture take Mormon literature—and specifically Mormon poetry—in a new direction?

TC: As I was gathering poems for Fire, my focus increasingly turned to the poets themselves. I wanted less to compile a collection of Mormon poems (as was the case with Harvest, which is subtitled Contemporary Mormon Poems) and more to showcase the depth and breadth of Mormonism’s contemporary poets. In
his review of Fire, poet and literary critic Michael R. Collings, whom I invited to include five poems in the anthology, aptly speaks to the distinction—so I’m going to borrow his words:

Rather than being a compilation of “Contemporary Mormon Poems,” with the implication that each of the poems contained therein will somehow reveal its inherent “Mormon-ness” to a discerning reader, Fire shifts attention to “Twenty-first Century Mormon Poets”—the difference being that this collection concentrates on the poetry (and thereby the poetics) of poets who are Mormons. On poets.

As I see it, then (and others are, of course, free to disagree), Fire in part turns attention to the cultural work these poets and their poems perform. This work includes, among other things, theories of life, religion, and spirituality; cultural critique, of Mormonism and beyond; and explorations of doctrinal, historical, personal, and sociological territory that may not be fully possible in the functional—and sometimes completely bureaucratic—prose of historical and contemporary Mormonism.

SH: Fire in the Pasture features the work of seasoned Mormon poets and newcomers alike. What does this rising generation of Mormon poets bring to the anthology?

TC: Save having a bit less experience and cultural cache, the newcomers bring the same thing as the seasoned poets: devotion to the craft and diverse relationships with contemporary Mormonism.

SH: The subtitle to Fire in the Pasture is Twenty-first Century Mormon Poets. What makes a poet Mormon?

TC: From my perspective—and again, others might not necessarily agree with it, but this was how I framed the book—poets are Mormon if they’ve been initiated into mainstream Mormonism, meaning they were at least baptized members of the LDS Church, even if they no longer actively practice the religion or have had their names dropped from Church records. So they at least have some sedimental relationship with Mormonism, even if they don’t worship as Latter-day Saints anymore.

In this light Fire is really more concerned with Mormonism as a cultural construct and less as a purely religious system of doctrines, rituals, ordinances, and beliefs.

SH: Why should every Modern Mormon Man have a copy of Fire in the Pasture on his bookshelf?

TC: Because it matters. And poetry in general matters. And he should really keep it on his nightstand, not on his bookshelf. I mean, look at
the cover: it’s gorgeous—and sensual, as poetry is also sensual. Who couldn’t use more of that in their bedrooms lives?

SH: Who would win in a fight between Clinton F. Larson, the Father of Contemporary Mormon Poetry, and, say, T. S. Eliot? Would a tag-team option involving Leslie Norris and Ezra Pound change the outcome?

TC: Honestly, I'd put my money on Eliot, especially if Pound had his back (which he did), especially since Eliot and Pound were larger-than-life during their own lifetimes, and especially since without Eliot and Pound, there may not have been a Larson. Throwing Norris in there might improve Larson’s chances a bit, though.

*****

Tyler Chadwick lives in Pocatello, Idaho, with his wife, Jess, and their four strong-willed daughters. He’s (almost) a doctoral candidate in English at Idaho State University--just needs to get those blasted comprehensive exams out of the way!--and he teaches freshman composition at ISU and online for BYU-Idaho. He sometimes blogs at chasing the long white cloud and A Motley Vision and he's recently started writing on poets, poetries, and poetics attawhiao.tumblr.com. His latest poetry project is an ekphrastic (*bless you*) engagement of J. Kirk Richards’ paintings.

4 comments:

  1. I love that picture of Eliot. He has such a "passionate intensity," to quote Yeats. Maybe we should talk less in Mormon culture about our Miltons and Shakespeares and more about our Yeatses (that looks weird) and Eliots...

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  2. I don't know...Milton would have made the perfect High Council speaker...

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  3. and our Hopkinses and our Williamses and our Thomases and our Donnes and our Herberts and our Dickinsons and our Carsons and. . . .

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  4. I wonder how different Orson F. Whitney's literary prophesy would have been if he had given it fifty or even seventy-five years later--if, at that time, he would have given it at all.

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